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In 218 B.C., when Piacenza was founded, along Trebbia banks was raging one of the crucial battles of the second Punic War. The Carthaginian armies guided by Hannibal (camping on the left river bank close to Tavernago di Agazzano) and the Roman army (on the right bank, probably around Niviano and Ancarano in Rivergaro) fought for power over the territory.
The battle was ruthless and the Romans, guided by the consuls P. Cornelius Scipio and Sempronius Longus, were destroyed and forced to retreat in Piacenza. The river waters, overflowing because of rain, hindered the retreat and only 12,000 soldiers managed to reach the city.

Another battle on Trebbia river was fought in 1746, when the French-Spanish troops faced the Austrian army, ally to the king of Sardinia. The latter won and occupied the opposing territory, while the French retreated. On June 18th, 1799 the French troops and the Austrian-Russian allies gathered in Italy to win back the territory occupied by Napoleon. Once again, the Austrian army won, thanks to the intervention of the Russian General officer Souwaroff. The battle though was a bloodbath: 16,000 soldiers died from both armies, but on the French side there were 7,000 wounded and 5,000 prisoners. The churches of San Sisto, San Sisto, San Bartolomeo, San Francesco and San Giovanni became was hospitals for Austrian and Russian wounded, while Sant'Agostino (now deconsecrated) hosted the French wounded soldiers.

On Trebbia bridge, along via Emilia Pavese, there is a slab in memory of these three crucial events of human history.
Information Office
Last update
Saturday, 02 December 2017
News and information edited by the Tourist Information Office of the Municipalities of Bobbio, Borgonovo V.T., Castell'Arquato, Piacenza and Vigolzone